The Ngorongoro Conservation Area covers 8,292 square kilometers. It is one of the three divisions that comprise Ngorongoro District in Arusha Region.
NCA was established in 1959 as a multiple land use area, designated to promote the conservation of natural resources, safeguard the interests of NCA indigenous residents and promote tourism. NCA is a unique protected area in the whole of Africa where conservation of natural resources are integrated with human development.
Although the NCA contains the spectacular and famous crater which is so heavily visited by safari goers, our chief interest lies outside this well-worn path. The Gol Mountains are one of the great safari secrets of Tanzania, so very close to so much that is famous and frequented, but yet so little visited. They sit in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, with Serengeti to the West, Olduvai Gorge to the South, and Loliondo to the North.
The landscape is spectacular, comprising huge mountains, deep canyons and wide meandering valleys. With the rains at the back end of the year, the place springs into vibrant life. The storms which bring the rain loom over the mountains, unleashing the anger of the gods onto an oasis of pre-history. Soon after, a carpet of grass and flowers attracts a profusion of grazers and turns these stunning valleys into something akin to Eden.
With the December rain comes the great migration. Ten of thousands of Wildebeest, Zebra and gazelles pour South into the area to live among the Maasai for the coming months. The opportunity to walk among the herds with these noble pastoralists, and almost certainly, without seeing another visitor, is a never to be forgotten experience.
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